Automated Drip Irrigation

Drip irrigation for the garden

Installing drip irrigation

Installing Drip Irrigation

Installing Drip Irrigation

Things around the world have been changing thick and fast. Ever changing climatic and rain patterns have always been a struggle for many human as well as plants lives. They have to strive hard so as to meet the needs. Meeting needs suggests about what is to be left out for the future. So sustainable development is a key factor aimed by each and every country so as safe the world for the future. Irrigation simply implies the supplication of water to the water scarce region. But this thing has to be done in an effective manner. Efficiency in irrigation directly points out to correct utility of water. Hence great utility of the water can be done by means of drip irrigation.

Factors concerning drip irrigation

Drip Irrigation System

Drip Irrigation System

Soil forms one the prime factor for installing these type of irrigation. The reason behind it is that, drippers or micro spray emitters are to be placed under the ground near the root region of the plants. Hence soil should have such a capability that it can retain these micro spray emitters firmly into the soil. Installation depth has to be calculated with utmost accuracy. This is because inadequate depths may not also the proper water supply, which is most required during the germination stage of a plant. After considering and calculating all the above said factors one has to design a layout.

Design of layout and implementation

Automated Drip Irrigation

Automated Drip Irrigation

Various governing facts are taken into consideration and the layout is prepared. The layout consists of a main supply water pump which in turn is connected to a large diameter pipe. This pipe carries out various accessories on them. Various accessories such as pressure relief valve, alarm, pressure indicating system, back lash control system and so on. There is a loop system which inter connects the pump and the main pipe. The loop contains the most important component which called the filter. It is useful in filtering the pumped water. Thus any unnecessary chemicals or foreign agencies found inside the pipe are filtered. The large pipes run for certain distance and spreads up into various channels. These channels run perpendicular to the main pipe. From each channel, a micro spray runs vertically downwards into the ground. It goes on till a defined depth so as to deliver the adequate water to the germinating seeds. Thus the particular layout is installed o perfection and irrigation can be carried out effectively by serious monitoring of the system.

Minimizing fertiliser usage using Toro drip irrigation

The major aim of any management occupation is to use minimum effort and minimum products to increase the yield of the goods that are manufactured. This law applies well for the agriculture field also. The agricultural products that are cultivated such as crops, fruits, vegetables, etc, should be cultivated in such a way so that they utilise very minimum amount of water and fertilisers for their growth. This was implemented only after the advent of the Drip irrigation systems, which was marketed by the Toro Drip Irrigation Company. This is the trustworthiest product that any farmer can use. They are completely reliable and are easy to use and are not harmful to the plants that they are used on.

What is Drip irrigation?

Drip Irrigation

Drip Irrigation

Drip irrigation technique is one of the most commonly used and effective technique to conserve water and to provide correct irrigation and equal amount of irrigation of water and other subsidiary products which are necessary for the growth of the crop or fruit or vegetable. There are many varieties of using this irrigation system. We could place some nozzle type arrangements near each plant in the field, which is then connected to a common pipeline, which provides the correct water in the fields. These products help us to wet the regions only near the plants and not all over the field.
How does this prevent soil erosion?

Soil erosion is one of the common problems in the conventional method of irrigation of the plants in the field. Then a large current of water is allowed to flow through the fields, the water ruses and takes all the nutrients and the loose humus topsoil from the fields. This soil is very important and is very rich in minerals and nutrients that are essential for the growth of the crop. But when the drip irrigation technique is used, a controlled flow of water is achieved. Toro Drip Irrigation can also be useful in controlling the place where the water should be irrigated. This can maintain good humus in the soil, which increases the growth of the plants, and therefore we can achieve a good increase in the plants productivity. Also we can be able to re use the field soon after the harvest is over, as any water does not wash the humus content away. The Toro Drip Irrigation Company uses these types of products in many parts of the world.

Acai Berry

Acai Berry Cultivation

Protected Cultivation of Acai Berry

Acai Berry

Acai Berry

Acai berries have become the new wonder due to its ability to show weight reducing results in a natural manner. Acai berries belong to the grape family and they grow at the height of 25 meters in the groove of palm trees. This is popularly known as the Brazilian fruit and can also be found in other regions such as Venezuela, Guyana, Colombia and Ecuador. This fruit can be harvested throughout the year since the warm South American climate aids growth of these trees to the best level. The use of Acai berries in North America has increased significantly over the past few years in form of vitamin supplements, energy drinks and juices. Traditionally this fruit has been used for treating diseases and also to control the stomach ailments.

Why protected cultivation?

Aca Berry Protected Cultivation

Aca Berry Protected Cultivation

Though the opportunities for developing this Acai berry into a commercial diet product is abundant, this fruit is subjected to protected cultivation for the strong environmental impact that is associated with this fruit. The Acai berry trees play an important role in the soil conservation especially in the tropical regions which are subjected to high amount of the rainfall. Currently only a small portion of the 1 million hectares of the land are cultivated under the sustainable development program. The present onus is on growing the Acai berries in a more sensible manner such that environment is well conserved. There are many juice distributors who have initiated the sustainability program by instituting proper cultivation methods to the farmers such that the environment remains unaffected. These steps will be of great significance in protecting the native Acai sites such that commercial industries that are based on this product will be positively benefited.

Acai Berry Cultivation

Acai Berry Cultivation

Acai berries are very delicate and they should be consumed within two days even if it is refrigerated. It is an important source of diet in the South American countries and in Brazil about 42 percent of the overall food intake consists of acai berries. These berries are also made as juices, acai wines and in ice creams since it gives a purple hue. Acai berries that are cultivated in Para are now exported to other countries such as Japan, united sates and European countries.

Article Summary:

Organic Acai Powder

Organic Acai Powder

With more amount of commercial products based on Acai berries that are coming up, the ongoing priority is to produce the Acai berries in sustainable method such that the balance of the environment remains unaffected. Hence the concept of protected cultivation of Acai berry is very important to maintain the ecological balance in the native acai forests.

Resource Box Info: This article discusses details about the importance of protected cultivation of Acai berries and also outlays the importance of Acai berries as a weight reducing agent.

Agricultural Fertilizer

Agricultural fertilisers

agricultural fertilisers

Agriculture Fertilising in Summer

Agriculture Fertilising in Summer

Agriculture Fertilising in Summer

Agriculture has seen a drastic growth in the last few decades. Each and every country across the globe has given importance to agriculture by introducing agricultural activities in school and in many other private institutions. These activities play a vital role in agricultural values among human being. Agricultural fertilising involves mainly conservation of natural resources. Every human being should be aware of the natural resources available in their country and should play an important role in protecting it for the future.

Agriculture with modern trend

Agricultural Fertilisers

Agriculture With Modern Trend

Agriculture With Modern Trend

Agriculture, in the last few decades with the help of modern technology has shown significant improvement resulting in growth of many agro based companies. Modern agriculture not only involves farmers but also scientists who research on the soil and other ingredients which are helpful for fertilizing. fertilisers can be either Organic or Inorganic.  These fertilisers are of different shape and size. Most typical form of fertiliser is powder form that is granular form. There are many fertilisers which are which are in liquid form. Depending on the climatic conditions and the type of plant/farm appropriate fertiliser can be used.

Inorganic fertilisers are not being preferred by farmers as it does not contain enough natural nutrients. With the help of modern technology scientists have proved that usage of organic fertilisers have no harm to the farm. These inorganic fertilisers contain worm, manure, guano, etc.

Inorganic fertilisers mainly consist of ammonia. Nitrogen and phosphate fertilisers are the other most commonly used fertilisers across the globe.

Problems with fertilisers:

Problem Farmers Face is The Over Fertilisation

Problem Farmers Face is The Over Fertilisation

Mountain Fertilizing

Even though agricultural fertilisers are being used to protect farm, there are instances that these fertilisers can be harmful. One major problem is that these fertilisers cannot replace the natural ingredients available in soil. There are few crops which require natural substances like zinc, copper, iron etc in soil. These natural substances in soil cannot be replaced by any fertiliser. The other major problem farmers face is the over fertilisation.

A Tractor Agricultura lFertilizer

A Tractor Agricultura lFertilizer

A Tractor

Agriculture fertilising in summer is a common activity being followed by most of the farmers across the globe. Even though this agriculture fertilising in summer involves many artificial fertilisers it is being widely used because of its capability to improve productivity.

Similar to fertilisers, agricultural fertilisers are also of 2 types: Organic agricultural fertilisers and Inorganic agricultural fertilisers. One of the main reason people have started to use these agricultural fertilisers is to increase their productivity. With the blended mixture available farmers are able to achieve their productivity and also able to sustain in this competitive market. Scientists across the globe have helped the farmers by inventing new fertilisers which can act as an alternate to many natural fertilisers.

Fertilization With Tractor

Fertilization With Tractor

Not everyone will be able to master in this agro business. There are many scientists who have dedicated their entire life for agro industry. Most of the organic fertiliser sources come from animal, plant or mineral. Agricultural fertilisers are of different types and depending on the climatic condition you can choose the type of product for your farm. It is each and every one’s responsibility to take care of the natural minerals. With the emission of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide to earth’s atmosphere there are many objections across the globe by farmers on not to use artificial fertilisers. Other major problems faced by farmers are pests which occur when nitrogen fertilisers are overused. However, scientists are working hard to mitigate these problems.

Agricultural Production of Melon

Agricultural Production of Melon

Agricultural Production of Melon

Melons belong to the Cucurbitaceae family. The plant grows in the form of a vine. It is basically a fruit, but some of it forms may be taken as ‘culinary vegetables’.

Melons

Melons

Many different varieties of melons are produced including Crenshaw, Juan Canary, Persian and Honeydew. Here is a look at the different factors involved in agricultural melon production.

Soils

Well-Drained Soils

Well-Drained Soils

Melons grow best in well-drained soils. Heavier soils are proffered because they can hold more water, which slows the start of the collapsing of vines, to ensure that melons grow with as little soil contact as possible, beds should left cloddy.

Irrigation

Melon Plant

Melon Plant

Too much saturation can be a stimulant for root rot diseases and ground spotting of fruit especially close to harvesting time. Furrow-irrigation method is usually used for melon production because sprinkling has a cooling effect on soil. Irrigations are scheduled as required to allow the replacement of moisture in the beds. The last irrigation is usually scheduled a week before the harvest.

Fertilization

Melon Flower

Melon Flower

Preplant P2O5 at 100 to 150 pounds/acre is used by majority of the growers. Materials that are commonly used for fertilization include liquid ammonium phosphate (10-34-0) as a band application near the lines of the seeds or ammonium phosphate (11-52-0) prior to listing the beds. A side stressing of N is used at 150 pounds/acre. It is a normal practice to use to use a liquid solution of UAN-32 (urea-ammonium nitrate.32-0-0) or AN-20 (liquid ammonium nitrate, 20-0-0) as the N source in place of dry N fertilizers.

Pollination

Pollination Melon

Pollination Melon

The recommendation is at least one colony of bees/acre; one and one-half colonies/acre is best. The distribution of bees should be such that they are present on at least two sides of a 40-acre field; it is even better if the bees are present within the fields. If the bees are present in large numbers yields are increased. Fruit-producing flowers open only for a day. A well pollinated flower will be visited by 15 bees on average during this period of time. The flower aborts if it’s poorly pollinated. Near the crown of the plant is where the best quality, largest size and earliest maturing melons are produced. For this reason, an adequate number of bees should be present in the field when the first male blossoms develop.

Integrated Pest Control

Melon Pest Control

Melon Pest Control

This includes weed control and insect identification and control. The herbicides that are available for weed management are not very effective, Majority of the growers use mechanical cultivation and hand hoeing for weed control.

Melons produced in the fall season are attacked by crickets, cutworms, aphids, ground battles and some other insects. Spring melons are attacked by mites, melon aphids, cutworms and a few other insects.

Furrow irrigation reduces sudden wilt, which is a serious problem that affects melons after fruit set

Post harvest Handling

Mixed melons can be injured by wrong chilling temperatures. 7 degree centigrade is the temperature that is best for honeydews, Crenshaw’s and Persians and 10 degree centigrade for casabas.

Tomatoes Growing

10 Tips on Growing Tomatoes

10 Tips on Growing Tomatoes

There are more and more people growing tomatoes today, either for industrial or personal purposes. In fact, tomatoes are the most popular homegrown vegetable. It is due to two reasons: tomatoes are delicious, and growing tomatoes is easy. There are so many books written on growing tomatoes, but you do not have to read them all. Their basics are quite… well, basic. This article will help you growing tomatoes, the simplest way ever.

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

1. Best Type, Best Fruits

Some tomato are determinate varieties. It means they will stop growing after reaching three feet high. The others are indeterminate. It means they will keep growing as high as you allow them. If your space for growing tomatoes is limited, choose determinate ones as Celebrity, Sunbeam or Mountain Spring.
You may as well choose growing tomatoes from such varieties as Oregon Spring, Early Girl or Stupice since they are bred to develop fruits early.

Tomate Never Plant Too Close

Tomate Never Plant Too Close

2. Never Plant Too Close

Tomato plants need at least 1.5 feet between each other, preferably 2 feet, and that is for plants growing upright on stakes or cages. If there is no support, they will need twice as much space.
Growing tomatoes too closely to each other will cause them produce few fruits and more vulnerable to diseases.

3. Plant as Many as Needed
Do not be greedy when it comes to growing tomatoes. Your harvest will not stay fresh for long, so plant as many as you need.

4. Plant under Direct Sunlight
Tomatoes need at least seven hours of full sun. If there is less sunlight, you will have very fantastic foliage but very few fruits.

Tomates

Tomates

5. Feed Enough, Not Too Much
Tomatoes enjoy a balanced fertiliser, with similar amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Avoid using chemicals. It is best if you are growing tomatoes organically. Instead of using manufactured fertilisers, throw a shovel full of compost around the plants every week.

6. Pruning or Not Pruning? Your Call
Growing tomatoes without pruning is fine. If you prune them, they will produce fewer yet larger fruits. On contrary, if you do not prune them, you will most likely get more yet smaller fruits.

7. Water Well
When the soil around tomatoes dries out, calcium needed by all plants to grow is absorbed by the plant’s roots. Limited water means scarce calcium. The result is brown, dry, leathery spots found on the bottom of fruits.
Do not be fooled by any chemicals promising to magically resolve this problem. It is best that you water your tomatoes regularly and make sure the soil never dries out.

Tomates

Tomates

8. No Removing Leaves or Branches from Mature Fruity Plants
Yes, pruning helps your tomatoes produce larger fruits. However, pruning the mature ones may lead to a yellowing of the side of the fruits exposed to the sun.

9. Identify Pest Problems
When growing tomatoes, learn to identify common tomato pests that appropriate actions can be taken. Avoid chemicals, use organic pest control instead.

10. Never Fridge the Fruits
Okay, you are growing tomatoes up to the last stage. Harvest time! For best flavour, allow them to reach their full colour on the plants before you pick them. And afterwards, do not put the fruits in the fridge! Leave your tomatoes at room temperature, away from direct sunlight.